Fruits and vegetables in the past is a lot more different than the present day and might be very different in the future. This is due to genetic modification. What are the differences in the food we eat now compared to the food we ate in the past? How has genetic engineering change the food now and how will it change it in the future? By interviewing a person that works closely with food, can help us better understand the changes and how it effects us as consumers.

Food in the Past

In the past, fruits and vegetables were a lot different compared to the modern days. This is because genetic modification didn’t have any role in food. As Noel said, “fruits and vegetables went off quickly due to the bad bacteria infesting the produce”. Because insects and animals carried diseases, produce were easily infected. This is also because fruits and vegetables didn’t have a good bacteria to fight off the disease, hence leading them to have a shorter life spam. Many people who ingested these fruits and vegetables had minor to serious health problems which caused worry for many people.

Food now

Because of the injected produce, this lead scientists to genetically modify fruits and vegetables to have a long life spam as well as keeping them fresh. Many fruits and vegetables nowadays are genetically modified to stay fresh for many days in stores. It is also used to make the produce bigger and juicier than they normally are. Scientists genetically modified planets to be resistant to herbicide so when consumed the chemicals will not be present in the produce. Modifying fruits and vegetable can be achieved by different methods; spray, modified seeds, watering with special chemicals and injections. However, as Noel said “these modification can cause physical mutations in fruits and vegetables” and this can cause customers to not purchase these produce.


Food in the Future

What is the future of genetic engineering in food? As Noel said “Genetic engineering in food will change from now to produce replicating other fruits and vegetables with a totally different fruits and vegetables inside”. For example, apples will have oranges inside of it when cut. However, it can also be unhealthy because we don’t know what type of chemicals we are ingesting in these fruits and vegetables as well as what and how long the effects of these chemicals are. As technology advances, genetic engineering will also grow and slowly replace natural produce. Scientists may improve the technology to advance these produce in a more healthier way or they might be harmful for us. “Genetic engineering in the future could help grow fruits and vegetable that are seasonal in any climate”, as Noel stated. This could finally solve problems of specific fruits and vegetable that don’t grow in specific countries due to their climate and soil. In the future, genetically modified food could solve food shortage but can also be harmful depending on the chemicals present these fruits and vegetables.



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U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2017, Genetically engineered foods, Medline Plus, viewed 29 September 2017, < https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002432.htm>

Fierberg, E., Brodwin, E., Lewis, T. 2016, Here’s what fruits and vegetables looked like before we domesticated them, Business Insider, viewed 3 October 2017, < https://www.businessinsider.com.au/fruits-vegetables-their-ancestors-science-evolution-history-2016-2?r=US&IR=T>

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